Maps associated with Canary Islands drawn by William Dampier during their voyage to New Holland in 1699.
The castilians imposed a new economic model, based on single-crop cultivation: first sugar cane; then wine, an important item of trade with England after the conquest. The first institutions of colonial government were founded in this era. Both Gran Canaria and Tenerife, a Spanish colony since 1495, had separate governors.
The towns of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife became a stopping point for the Spanish conquerors, traders, and missionaries on the way to the New World. This trade path brought prosperity that is great a number of the social sectors for the islands. The islands became quite wealthy and soon had been merchants that are attracting adventurers from all over Europe. Magnificent palaces and churches were built on the area of La Palma with this busy, successful period. The Church of El Salvador survives as one of the island's finest samples of the architecture regarding the 1500s.
The Canaries' wealth invited attacks by pirates and privateers. Ottoman Turkish admiral and privateer Kemal Reis ventured into the Canaries in 1501, while Murat Reis the Elder captured Lanzarote in 1585.
The absolute most severe assault took place in 1599, throughout the Dutch War of Independence. A Dutch fleet of 74 vessels and 12,000 males, commanded by Johan Van der Does, attacked the administrative centre, Las Palmas, that was house to gran that is nearly half's populace). The Castillo was attacked by the Dutch de la Luz, which guarded the harbor. The Canarians evacuated civilians through the populous city, while the Castillo surrendered (but not the town). The Dutch moved inland, but Canarian cavalry drove them back again to Tamaraceite, near the town.
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But, the name really descends from the word that is latin dogs – canaria. Most likely, the name developed through the resident sea lions on the island, that the Romans called sea dogs.
Initially only the rich owned canary wild birds
The domestic canary comes from a songbird species which originated in the Azores, Madeira, therefore the Canary Islands.
They certainly were taken to European countries by Spanish sailors while having been bred with regards to their beautiful sounds considering that the 17th century. Only the men sing, so they were in short supply and incredibly costly, meaning originally only they could be afforded by the rich.
The islands are nearer to Africa than Spain
The Canary Islands lie off the coast that is northwest of, very near to the equator. This position permits their year-round, gloriously hot and climate that is sub-tropical. They sit just 100 kilometres from Africa but 1,056 kilometres from mainland Spain.
Nevertheless, they keep up with the Spanish language and its particular delicious cuisine.
The Canary Islands have the highest point in Spain
The Spanish mainland holds the majestic Pyrenees Mountains, nevertheless the peak that is highest in Spain is in the Canary Island of Tenerife.
Mount Teide, also called El Teide, is just a volcano that is dormant 3,718 metres high. Additionally it is the greatest point above sea degree on some of the Atlantic islands, therefore the 3rd largest volcano on the planet.
Tenerife's volcanic history has generated fine black sands on lots of its beaches, going for an extremely distinctive look.
The world’s biggest telescope is into the Canary Islands
The Roque de los Muchachos Mountain regarding the island of Los Angeles Palma is home to the observatory regarding the name that is same which holds the Gran Telescopio Canarias - GTC telescope.