Canary Islands, Span. Islas Canarias, number of seven islands (1990 pop music. 1,589,403), 2,808 sq mi (7,273 sq kilometer), autonomous area of Spain, in the Atlantic Ocean off Western Sahara. They constitute two provinces of Spain. Santa Cruz de Tenerife (1990 pop music. 770,627), 1,239 sq mi (3,209 sq kilometer), includes Tenerife, Palma, Gomera, and Hierro. Las Palmas (1990 pop music. 818,776), 1,569 sq mi (4,064 sq km), includes Grand Canary, Lanzarote, and Fuerteventura. Fuerteventura is 67 mi (108 km) from the African shore. The islands, of volcanic beginning, are rugged Mt. Teide (12,162 ft/3,707 m) could be the highest point in Spain.
Wine was the main export regarding the Canaries before the grape blight of 1853 its place was taken by cochineal until aniline dyes arrived to basic use. Today the leading exports are bananas, sugarcane, tomatoes, potatoes, and tobacco, which are grown where irrigation is achievable. There clearly was fishing regarding the open seas, and also the Canaries, using their subtropical weather and fine beaches, have grown to be a major tourist center. An oil refinery and other industries that are large-scale found at Santa Cruz de Tenerife.
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But, the title actually originated from the word that is latin dogs – canaria. Probably, the name developed from the resident sea lions regarding the area, that the Romans called sea dogs.
Initially just the rich owned canary birds
The canary that is domestic from the songbird species which started in the Azores, Madeira, while the Canary Islands.
These people were taken to European countries by Spanish sailors and have been bred with regards to their beautiful voices considering that the 17th century. Only the males sing, so they really were in short supply and very expensive, meaning originally just the high could pay for them.
The islands are nearer to Africa than Spain
The Canary Islands lie off the coast that is northwest of, very near to the equator. This position permits their year-round, gloriously hot and climate that is sub-tropical. They sit simply 100 kilometres from Africa but 1,056 kilometres from mainland Spain.
Even so, they maintain the Spanish language and its own delicious food.
The Canary Islands have the point that is highest in Spain
The Spanish mainland holds the majestic Pyrenees Mountains, but the greatest top in Spain is on the Canary Island of Tenerife.
Mount Teide, also referred to as El Teide, is really a dormant volcano standing 3,718 metres high. It is also the point that is highest above ocean level on any of the Atlantic islands, and the 3rd biggest volcano on earth.
Tenerife's volcanic history has established fine black sands on many of its beaches, going for a very look that is distinctive.
The world’s telescope that is biggest is into the Canary Islands
The Roque de los Muchachos Mountain in the area of Los Angeles Palma houses the observatory associated with name that is same which holds the Gran Telescopio Canarias - GTC telescope.